Journal of Applied Materials Engineering

(ISSN: 2658-1744) Open Access Journal
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J. Appl. Mater. Eng. 2021, 60(4); doi: 10.35995/jame60040008

The Influence of Inorganic Binder Type on Properties of Self-Hardening Moulding Sands Intended for the Ablation Casting Process

1 Łukasiewicz—Krakow Institute of Technology, 73 Zakopiańska Str., 30-418 Kraków, Poland; (J.K.); (M.A.)
2 Faculty of Foundry Engineering, AGH University of Science and Technology, al. Mickiewicza 30, 30-059 Kraków, Poland;
* Corresponding author:
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 11 Dec 2020 / Revised: 18 Mar 2021 / Accepted: 26 Mar 2021 / Published: 31 Mar 2021
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Abstract

The aim of the present work is to compare the properties of self-hardening moulding sands based on inorganic binders based on sodium silicate of different modules, geopolymer binders and phosphate binders and to prove they can be used in the ablation casting process. Ablation casting is a process in which, directly after pouring the liquid alloy, the mould is sprayed with water until it is completely eroded and a finished, cooled casting is obtained. The use of proecological water-dilutable binder makes it possible to recover the sand matrix after drying the suspension that remains after the process. Moulding sands were prepared on the basis of four inorganic binders available on the market. For each of the moulding sands the bending strength was tested after 1, 2, 4 and 24 h of hardening. Then, the masses with optimum bending strength were selected and subjected to gas emissivity tests. A thermal analysis of moulding sands selected for testing was also carried out in order to determine the loss of mass during annealing. The susceptibility of moulds to erosion under the influence of ablative medium was also assessed by measuring the time of mould erosion. Tests showed the possibility of using self-hardening moulding sands based on inorganic binders for the ablation casting process of aluminium-silicon alloys.
Keywords: innovative technologies; ablation casting; moulding sands; self-hardening sands; inorganic binders; hydrated sodium silicate; geopolymer binder; phosphate binder
OPEN ACCESS
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY-SA 3.0).
CITE
Puzio, S.; Kamińska, J.; Angrecki, M.; Major-Gabryś, K. The Influence of Inorganic Binder Type on Properties of Self-Hardening Moulding Sands Intended for the Ablation Casting Process. J_Appl_Mater_Eng 2021, 60, 0.
Puzio S, Kamińska J, Angrecki M, Major-Gabryś K. The Influence of Inorganic Binder Type on Properties of Self-Hardening Moulding Sands Intended for the Ablation Casting Process. Journal of Applied Materials Engineering. 2021; 60(4):0.
Puzio, Sabina; Kamińska, Jadwiga; Angrecki, Michał; Major-Gabryś, Katarzyna. 2021. "The Influence of Inorganic Binder Type on Properties of Self-Hardening Moulding Sands Intended for the Ablation Casting Process." J_Appl_Mater_Eng 60, no. 4: 0.
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